‘Here is courage, mankind’s finest possession, here is the noblest prize that a young man can endeavor to win. Because we are Spartans!’
The Battle of Thermopylae
The news of the arrival of the Persian Army spread throughout the Greek cities, but unfortunately for the Greeks, the Spartans who were considered to be the best warriors in all of Greece were holding a religious festival, which because of this according to Spartan law, military activity was strictly forbidden, as was the case at the Battle of Marathon. The truce of the Olympic Games was also preventing the Spartans from marching to a battle as an army, however, on this occasion it was decided that due to the urgency of the situation, a small group of Spartans would protect the small pass at Thermopylae under its king, Leonidas.
So Leonidas chose 300 Spartan men with living sons to continue family legacy, as he knew he would be going to certain death because of the overwhelming odds against him and headed off to meet King Xerxes and his army at Thermopylae.
After refusing the offer made by one of Xerxes’ ambassadors to “become friends of the Persian people” and lay down their weapons where Leonidas famously replied “ΜΟΛΩΝ ΛΑΒΕ” (come and get them), the 300 Spartans, along with a small force from other Greek city-states held their ground at the pass of Thermopylae in central Greece against the huge Persian army for 2 days, before a Greek traitor named Ephialtes betrayed the Greeks and leaked information to the Persians about a hidden mountain path which led behind the Greek lines. On the 3rd day, when Leonidas found that the Greeks were being outflanked and surrounded, he ordered the Greek armies to retreat and decided that he would stay with his 300 faithful Spartan soldiers and defend the pass to the very end. A group of about 700 Thespians and 300 Thebans refused to leave Leonidas and his small army to die alone and stayed behind as well, vowing to die by the brave Spartan leaders’ side.
(Material: Porcelain, Clay, Ceramic Composite)
(Finish: Bronze Layer)